Oceania is located in the vast waters of the Pacific southwest and south of the equator north and south. Between Asia and Antarctica, west of the Indian Ocean, east of the Pacific, and North and South America, distant relative. The narrow range of means in eastern Polynesia, Micronesia, in central and western Melanesia the three major island groups. Between Asia and Africa and between North and South America, ships, aircraft contacts required for fresh water, fuel and food supply station, is the confluence of the submarine cable, has an important position in the traffic and strategy. Oceania's total land area of approximately 8.97 million square kilometers. 14 independent countries in Oceania, and more than a dozen areas still under the jurisdiction of the United States, Britain, France and other countries. Geographically divided into Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia six districts.
Oceania countries level of economic development differences, Australia and New Zealand economically developed, the other island is mostly agricultural country, the economy is relatively backward. Agricultural crops are wheat, coconut, sugar cane, pineapple, natural rubber. Wheat production accounts for about 3% of world wheat production, local residents main food is the potato, corn, rice, etc.. Livestock, mainly sheep, sheep head accounted for 20% of total world sheep head. Wool production accounted for 40 percent of the world wool production.
Oceania industry, mainly in Australia, followed by New Zealand. Mining, steel, nonferrous metal smelting, machinery manufacturing, chemical, building materials, textile and other sectors. Oceania island nation of industrial multi-distribution in their respective capitals or capital, tend to be more backward, only on mining and agriculture, forestry, and livestock products, mostly foreign controlled, and more products for export.
In recent years, the Oceania countries attach importance to the development of tourism. Tonga, Vanuatu and other countries tourism income has become an important part of the national economy. Traffic Oceania between Asia and South and North America between the South away from Antarctica, is the only way of linking continents routes. Many international submarine cable through ocean shipping has become an important means of interaction countries islands. Land transport is the main rail and road. The road length of 100 thousands of meters above. Railway length of 46000 km. Inland Waterways of about 1000 km. There are routes accessible Island countries and important areas of the capital and the capital also has links with the outside the major port city in the Island.