The African desert area of about a continent-wide area of 1/3, the largest continent is desert area. Among them, the Sahara (English name: The Sahara Desert) is the world's largest desert. Eastern Africa, the world's largest rift zone. Of course, in addition to the desert, Africa, lush forests and endless prairie.
The Nile River in Africa is one of the cradles of ancient civilizations in the world. The Nile River, Egypt is one of the world's four ancient civilizations. Ancient Egypt has made great achievements in architecture, sculpture and painting, So far stands firmly in the grand pyramids and the Sphinx of the Nile River near Cairo before and after the 27th century BC masterpiece of the ancient Egyptians; they are a miracle in the history of human architecture, ancient Egyptian working people of great wisdom and hard work of the immortal monument .
Africa's small coastal islands, most of the small size of the area of the island is only 2% of the continent-wide area. Mainland South Cuanza narrow, like an equilateral triangle, coastal flat, a small bay and peninsula. The whole territory of an plateau continent, with an average elevation of 750 meters. Largely on the Congo River, Zaire River, estuary to the edge of the northern Ethiopian highlands as the boundary, the southeast half of the more than 1000 meters above sea level above the plateau, known as high in Africa; the northwestern half of mostly less than 500 meters above sea level, said low in Africa. African higher large mountain standing in the plateau of the coastal zone: The northwest coastal Atlas Mountains, east of Mount Kenya and Kilimanjaro, the southern Drakensberg Mountains. Kilimanjaro is an active volcano, 5895 meters above sea level is the highest peak in Africa. Eastern Africa's Great Rift Valley is the world's longest rift zone, south from the Dead Sea, the northern part of Shire estuary, north to West Asia about 6400 km. There are a lot of long, narrow lake in the Rift Valley, the depth shore steep, the Ethiopian highlands, the eastern side of Lake Assal lake 153 meters below sea level, the lowest point of the African continent, Africa's largest river by geological formations and other natural factors , water system is more complex, more rapids, waterfalls, by the length followed by the Nile (total length of 6671 km, the world's longest river), Congo River (Zaire River), Niger, Zambezi, the Ubangi River, Kasai, Orange River. The lakes are located in the Great Rift Valley belt. Size, followed by Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Malawi, Lake Chad.