Art is bound to go to the ideological analysis shows that a ruling class of special historical stage of artistic styles (including the form and content) occupies a special place in the class ideas. This must be advocated by Goldman in literary creation: first to establish the structure of the intrinsic meaning of artistic creation and style, and then determine the structure of class relations in a certain mode of production of this broader structure the position occupied.
Plekhanov or Raphael, in the above-mentioned research work, have tried to do so. The other hand, some art can be seen as the ideological weapon of the oppressed classes fighting for the liberation struggle, Thus, realism and modernist controversy in large part around the inherent characteristics of the "revolutionary art" analysis. Recently, art as the ideology of Marxism thinking a meaningful aspect of the growing interest in the popular arts and culture industry ", some members of the writings of the Frankfurt School, particularly prominent in this area according to their point of view of art in the advanced capitalist era, not only because of mechanical reproduction and wide dissemination of the introduction of degradation, but still classes and groups to promote mutual dispute the stability of the joint has a larger force; absorbed by the body of radical innovation is likely to be the dominant thinking of any revolution in the art of ideological influence has been weakened.
However, Benjamin holds a contrary view; in his view, the main role of mechanical reproduction is the destruction of the elite of the art, "halo" is the "withering" and created the proletariat with the new cultural forms.